Cyber-Physical Security of the Smart Grid

Cyber-Physical Security of the Smart GridThe electric smart grid promises increased capacity, reliability and efficiency through the marriage of cyber technology with the existing electricity network. This integration, however, creates a new host of vulnerabilities stemming from cyber or physical intrusion potentially leading to devastating physical effects. The security of a system is as strong as its weakest link. Thus, the scale and complexity of the smart grid, along with its increased connectivity and automation make the task of cyber-physical protection particularly challenging. This course introduces students to timely topics in cyber-physical security of modern power systems. After an introduction to common communications security practices and the basics of power systems, the unique communication and computational protection needs of the emerging smart grid are characterized. Timely technological solutions based on research papers and technical reports are surveyed in depth.


Learning Outcomes and Objectives

The aim of this course is to introduce ECE graduate students to timely topics in the field of smart grid cyber security. Having taken this course students will:

  1. be exposed to the technical philosophies behind smart grid development and its evolution from traditional power systems;
  2. be introduced to information and communication technologies of use to smart grid development;
  3. be able to identify the cyber security requirements of importance to the energy sector; and
  4. understand cutting-edge research problems and results in the field of smart grid cyber protection.


Relevant Research Pages



  • Course Introduction
  • Introduction to Power Systems and Smart Grid
  • Communications and Sensing in a Smart Grid
  • Information and Network Security Practices and the C-I-A Paradigm
  • Power System Security, Stability and Reliability
  • Risk Management
  • Smart Grid Threats, Vulnerabilities and Cyber Security Strategies
  • Cyber Security Landscape, Federal Initiatives and Regulatory Compliance
  • False Data Injection Attacks in Electric Power Grids
  • Cyber-Physical System Security
  • Case Study Presentations


Cyber-Physical Smart Grid Security Course Presentations and References

The presentations listed on this page were kindly developed as part of the course requirements for ECEN 689: Cyber Security of the Smart Grid taught by Professor Deepa Kundur at Texas A&M University in the Spring 2011 and 2012 semesters.

Paper, DOI, Presentation PDF
Deepa Kundur
Y. Liu, P. Ning and M.K. Reiter, “False Data Injection Attacks against State Estimation in Electric Power Grids,” Proc. 15th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, Chicago, IL, pp. 21-32, November 2009.
[Paper DOI] [Class Notes PDF]
Hung Ly
T. T. Kim and H. V. Poor, “Strategic Protection Against Data Injection Attacks on Power Grids,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, accepted, to appear.
[Paper PDF] [Presentation PDF]
Zhaoyan Xu
J. Zhu and A. Abur, “Bad Data Identification When using Phasor Measurements,” Proc. 2007 IEEE Lausanne Power Tech, Lausanne, July 2007.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Wei Niu
C. Efthymiou, G. Kalogridis “Smart Grid Privacy via Anonymization of Smart Metering Data,”Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Olamide Kotun
A. Hahn and M. Govindarasu, “Smart Grid Cybersecurity Exposure Analysis and Evaluation Framework,” Proc. IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, July 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Karanvir Kaleka
M. Negrete-Pincetic, F. Yoshida and G. Gross, “Towards Quantifying the Impacts of Cyber Attacks in the Competitive Electricty Market Environment,” Proc. IEEE Bucharest Power Tech Conference, June-July 2009, Bucharest, Romania, 2009.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Vignesh Sridhar
A. Bartoli, J. Hernández-Serrano, M. Soriano, M. Dohler, A. Kountouris, and D. B/;//k,jgsewbharthel, “Secure Lossless Aggregation for Smart Grid M2M Networks,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Abdallah Farraj
D.P. Varodayan, G.X. Gao, “Redundant Metering for Integrity with Information-Theoretic Confidentiality,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Yang Yu
R.B. Bobba, K.M. Rogers, Q. Wang, H. Khurana, K. Nahrstedt and T.J. Overbye, “Detecting False Data Injection Attacks on DC State Estimation,” Proc. First Workshop on Secure Control Systems, CPSWeek 2010, Stockholm Sweden, April, 2010.
[Paper PDF] [Presentation PDF]
Jae Yeon Won
M.M. Fouda, Z.M. Fadlullah, N.Kato, “Assessing Attack Threat Against ZigBee-based Home Area Network for Smart Grid Communications,” Proc. International Conference on Computer Engineering and Systems (ICCES), Cairo, Egypt, pp. 245-250, November/December 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Saranya Parthasarathy
R. Berthier, W.H. Sanders and H. Khurana, “Intrusion Detection for Advanced Metering Infrastructures: Requirements and Architectural Direction,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Jeffrey Jensen
Y. Wang, W. Lin and T. Zhang, “Study on Security of Wireless Sensor Networks in Smart Grid,” Proc. International Conference on Power System Technology (POWERCON), pp. 1-7, 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Yan Zhang
P.D. Ray, R. Harnoor and M. Hentea, “Smart Power Grid Security: A Unified Risk Management Approach,” Proc. IEEE International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology, pp. 276-285, 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Asim Yuksel
H. S. Phom, N. Kuntze, C. Rudlph, M. Cupelli, J. Liu, A. Monti, “A User-centric Privacy Manager for Future Energy Systems,” Interntional Conference on Power System Technology (POWERCON), October, 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Mustapha El-Halabi
H. Li, L. Lai and R. C. Qiu, “Communication Capacity Requirement for Reliable and Secure Meter Reading in Smart Grid,”Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Talal El Awar
G.N. Ericsoon, “Cyber Security and Power System Communication — Essential Parts of a Smart Grid Infrastructure,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1501-1507, July 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Fred Agyekum Ituzaro
F. Boroomand, A. Fereidunian, M.A. Zamani, M. Amozegar, H.R. Jamalabadi, H. Nasrollahi, M.Moghimi, H. Lesani and C. Lucas, “Cyber Security for Smart Grid: A human-automation interaction framework,” Proc. IEEE Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe, Geothenburg, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Emal Latifzai
T. Matsumoto, T. Kobayashi, S. Katayama, K. Fukushima and K. Sekiguchi, “Information -theoretic Approach to Authentication Codes for Power System Communications,” Proc. IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, New Orleans, LA, April 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Jin Wei
F. Dorfler and F. Bullo, “Synchronization and transient stability in power networks and non-uniform Kuramoto oscillators,” IEEE Transactions on Automatical Control, submitted, last revised, October 2010.
[PDF] [Presentation PDF]
Somo Peyechu
D. Wei, Y. Lu, M. Jafari, P. Skare and K. Rohde, “An Integrated Security System of Protecting Smart Grid against Cyber Attacks,” Proc. Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), Gaithersburg, Maryland, January 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Lin Lai
G. Kalogridis, C. Efthymiou, S.Z. Denic, T.A. Lewis, R. Cepeda, “Privacy for Smart Meters: Towards Undetectable Appliance Load Signatures,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Deepa Kundur
D. Kundur, F. Xianyong, S. Liu, T. Zourntos and K.L. Butler-Purry, “Towards a Framework for Cyber Attack Impact Analysis of the Electric Smart Grid,” Proc. First IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm), Gaithersburg, MD, October 2010.
[Paper DOI] [Presentation PDF]
Qin Yan
H.A. Khan, Z. Xu, H. Iu and V. Sreeram, “Review Technologies and Implementation Strategies in the Area of Smart Grid,” Proc. AUPEC Power Engineering Conference, Adelaide, SA, September 2009.
[Paper PDF] [Presentation PDF]
Shan Liu
G. Dàn and H. Sandberg, “Stealth Attacks and Protection Schemes for State Estimators in Power Systems,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 2010.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Wenjin Yan
J. Fadul, K. Hopkinson, C. Sheffield, J. Moore and T. Andel, “Trust Management and Security in the Future Communication-Based “Smart” Electric Power Grid,” Proc. 44th Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences, 2011.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Dae Hyun Choi
O. Kosut, J. Liyan, R. J. Thomas, L. Tong, “Malicious Data Attacks on Smart Grid State Estimation: Attack Strategies and Countermeasures,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, pp. 220-225, October 2010.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Eman Hammad
F. Li, B. Luo, and P. Liu, “Secure Information Aggregation for Smart Grids Using Homomorphic Encryption,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, Gaithersburg, Maryland, pp. 327-332, October 2010.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Ryan Kristopher Buchanan
R.C. Qui, Z. Hu, Z. Chen, N.Guo, R. Rangananthan, S. Hou and G. Zheng, “Cognitive Radio Networks for the Smart Grid: Experimental System Architecture, Control Algorithms, Security, and Microgrid Testbed,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol 2, no. 4, pp. 724-740, December 2011.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Joel Daniel Barrera
B. Genge, C. Siaterlis, “Developing Cyber-Physical Experimental Capabilities for the Security Analysis of the Future Smart Grid,” Proc. IEEE PES International Conference and Exhibition on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT Europe), pp. 1-7, December 2011.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Muthuvel Raj Suyambu
D. Salmon, M. Zeller, A. Guzman, V. Mynam and M. Donolo, “Mitigating the Aurora Vulnerability with Existing Technology,” Proc. 36th Annual Western Protection Relay Conference, Spokane, WA, October 2009.
[Paper PDF][Presentation PDF]
Yessica Lisbeth Saez Barrios
Survey and Comparison Several False Data Injection Attack Papers published in 2010-11.
[Presentation PDF]
Yang Wang
K. Moslehi and R. Kumar, “A Reliability Perspective of the Smart Grid,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 57- 64, June 2010.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Mohit Sunil Kedia
A. Yousuf and G.K. Venayagamoorthy, “Plug-in Vehicles and Renewable Energy Sources for Cost and Emission Reductions,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 1229-1238, April 2011.
J. Liu, Y. Xiao, S. Li, W. Liang, C.L.P. Chen, “Cyber Security and Privacy Issue in Smart Grids,” IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, accepted, 2012.
[Paper 1 DOI][Paper 2 DOI][Presentation PDF]
Harsha Ramchandrara Patibandla
A.-H. Mohsenian-Rad and A. Leon-Garcia, “Distributed Internet-Based Load Altering Attacks Against Smart Power Grids,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 667-674, December 2011.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Yaohong Yang
C.-W. Ten, J. Hong and C.-C. Liu, “Anomaly Detection for Cybersecurity of the Substations,” Proc. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 865-873, December 2011.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]
Ashwini Ravindran
J. Hull, H. Khurana, T. Markham and K. Staggs, “Staying in Control: Cyber Security and the Modern Electric Grid,” IEEE Power & Energy Magazine, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 41-48, January/February 2012.
[Paper DOI][Presentation PDF]


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